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    Broadway Boogie Woogie

Late in life, Mondrian moved to New York. He used the same format of subdivided squares, but with fewer constraints. Austerity became exuberance, as in Broadway Boogie Woogie. In this painting, the light grey squares may appear jittery.

 
"Broadway Boogie Woogie," Piet Mondrian, 1942-3

This painting Broadway Boogie Woogie gives a sensation of jazzy, jittery motion because the yellow squares, which are clearly visible to the What system because of their saturated color, are poorly visible to the Where system, because they are equiluminant with the off-white background.

Unlike Monet's Poppy Field, it is clear from the title Broadway Boogie Woogie that this illusory motion effect is exactly what Mondrian intended (or perhaps discovered he had achieved). The grayscale version of Broadway Boogie Woogie shows that the yellow and gray squares are indeed very close to equiluminant with the off-white background.

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